What was Enron white-collar crime?


What was Enron white-collar crime?

Enron fell into bankruptcy and many of its officials were charged on multiple fraud counts, including securities fraud. Investors and employees lost millions; many lost their entire life savings. Other classic types of corporate white-collar crime include price-fixing and antitrust or restraint-of-trade violations.

Was Enron a corporate crime?

The former Wall Street darling quickly became a symbol of modern corporate crime. Enron was one of the first big-name accounting scandals, but it was soon followed by the uncovering of frauds at other companies such as WorldCom and Tyco International.

What is Enron corporate scandal?

The Enron scandal was a series of events involving dubious accounting practices that resulted in the bankruptcy of the energy, commodities, and services company Enron Corporation and the dissolution of the accounting firm Arthur Andersen.

How did the Enron scandal get caught?

The clearly illegal smoking guns led to straightforward convictions – Fastow’s misrepresentations about LJM; asset sales that were booked as revenue but in reality had a guarantee to be rebought, which meant it was a loan. This was a simple explanation of how Enron got caught.

Who was responsible for Enron scandal?

Jurors determined former Merrill executives Daniel Bayly, James A. Brown, Robert S. Furst and William Fuhs and former Enron executive Dan Boyle conspired to pass off a loan from Merrill as a sale of three power barges moored off the coast of Nigeria in late 1999.

What laws were broken during the Enron scandal?

The 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act aims at publicly held corporations, their internal financial controls, and their financial reporting audit procedures as performed by external auditing firms. The act was passed in response to a number of corporate accounting scandals that occurred in the 2000–2002 period.

How did Enron become one of the most unethical companies in the US?

Even with its complex corporate governance and network of intermediaries, Enron was still able to “attract large sums of capital to fund a questionable business model, conceal its true performance through a series of accounting and financing maneuvers, and hype its stock to unsustainable levels.”

Was Enron an ethical company?

Enron is a classic example of a company whose ethical pronouncements were “decoupled” from the rest of its operations (Weaver, Trevino, & Cochran 1999). The key values of the company were respect, integrity, communications, and excellence. Enron also had an extensive code of ethics.

Did anyone go to jail for Enron?

Some were later indicted, arrested and paraded in front of cameras in handcuffs as part of a national catharsis. Twenty years later, the last of the Enron defendants have completed their prison sentences, paid their restitution and have sought to move on with their lives.

What ethical standards were ignored or abused at Enron?

Top officials at Enron abused their power and privileges, manipulated information, engaged in inconsistent treatment of internal and external constituencies, put their own interests above those of their employees and the public, and failed to exercise proper oversight or shoulder responsibility for ethical failings.

How were Enron employees treated?

It would have been different if it had been one of those giant, sluggish companies where some employees could go at half-speed and hide in the bureaucracy, said workers here. But at Enron, employees earned their paychecks or they were let go. Employees called it ”rank and yank. ”