What is Vibrio cholerae PDF?


What is Vibrio cholerae PDF?

Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) is a Gram-negative, curved, rod-shaped bacteria with two of its strains V. cholerae O1 and V. cholerae O139) known to cause cholera, a deadly diarrheal disease that has repeatedly plagued the world in pandemics since 1817 and still remains a public health problem globally till today.

What are the 3 stages of cholera?

 A typical case of cholera shows 3 stages :

  • Stage of evacuation.
  • 2 Stage of collapse.
  • Stage of collapse.
  • Stage of recovery.

What is the summary of cholera?

Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal within hours, even in previously healthy people. Modern sewage and water treatment have virtually eliminated cholera in industrialized countries.

What is the presentation of cholera?

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Infection with V. cholerae results in a spectrum of disease, ranging from asymptomatic intestinal colonization to severe diarrhea [29]. Abdominal discomfort, borborygmi, and vomiting are other common symptoms, particularly in the early phases of disease.

What is the classification of cholera?

cholerae has two circular DNA. One DNA produces the cholera toxin (CT), a protein that causes profuse, watery diarrhea (known as “rice-water stool”)….

Vibrio cholerae
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Vibrionales
Family: Vibrionaceae
Genus: Vibrio

What are the types of cholera?

Two serogroups (O1 and O139) or types of Vibrio cholerae bacteria can produce cholera toxin that causes the disease we call cholera. About 1 in 10 people infected with cholera toxin-producing O1 or O139 Vibrio cholerae experience severe, life-threatening illness, and both serogroups can cause widespread epidemics.

How can cholera be prevented PDF?

Five Basic Cholera Prevention Steps

  1. Make sure to drink and use safe water to brush your teeth, wash and prepare food, and make ice.
  2. Wash your hands often with soap and safe water*
  3. Use latrines or bury your poop; do not poop in any body of water.
  4. Cook food well (especially seafood), keep it covered, and eat it hot.

What are the two types of cholera?

WHO developed cholera vaccine?

Louis PasteurCholera vaccine / Inventor

What is the control of cholera?

Use latrines or bury your poop; do not poop in any body of water. Use latrines or other sanitation systems, like chemical toilets, to dispose of poop. Wash hands with soap and safe water after pooping. Clean latrines and surfaces contaminated with poop using a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water.

What is the name of cholera vaccine?

Dukoral®, ShanChol®, and Euvichol-Plus®/Euvichol Three other oral inactivated, or non-live cholera vaccines are available: Dukoral (manufactured by SBL Vaccines); ShanChol (manufactured by Shantha Biotec in India), and Euvichol-Plus/Euvichol (manufactured by Eubiologics).

What is the scientific name for cholera?

Cholera – Vibrio cholerae infection.

What is cholera?

Cholera is an acute, diarrhoeal illness caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe Washing hands with soap and water is the basis of health Cholera: transmission, symptoms and treatment Mode of transmission Symptoms Treatment

Can Oral Rehydration Therapy treat cholera?

A Case Study: Cholera. A patient who is infected with bacteria V. cholerae (Cholera is caused by the bacterium V. cholera, this bacterium is Gram stain-negative), by eating contaminated food and water and by drink water after watermelon. In most cases cholera can be successfully treated with oral rehydration therapy which is highly effective.

What is the history of Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal?

Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal emerged in 1992 and rapidly spread in an epidemic form, in which it replaced existing strains of V. cholerae O1 in Bangladesh during 1992 and 1993.

Does climate play a role in the spread of cholera?

Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae, lends itself to analyses of the role of climate in infectious disease, coupled to population dynamics of pathogenic microorganisms, for several reasons. First, the disease has a historical context linking it to specific seasons and biogeographical zones.