What is Pisum sativum in biology?


What is Pisum sativum in biology?

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) has been extensively used in early hybridization studies and it was the model organ- ism of choice for Mendel’s discovery of the laws of inheritance, making pea part of the foundation of modern genetics. Pea has also been used as model for experimental morphology and physiology.

What are the characteristics of Pisum sativum?

What Are The 7 Characteristics Of Pea Plants?

  • Colour (green or yellow)
  • Shape (round or wrinkled)
  • Colour of pod (green or yellow)
  • Shape of pod (constricted or inflated)
  • Size of the plant (tall or dwarf)
  • Position of flowers (axial or terminal)
  • Colour of flower (purple or white)

What are the uses of Pisum sativum?

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is commonly grown in temperate areas of all continents. It has many uses: immature pods and seeds are used as green vegetables, either fresh or frozen; it is used as green forage for grazing animals, in situ or as hay or silage; and it is grown for its mature seed, which itself has many uses.

What is the biological name of pea?

Pisum sativumPea / Scientific name

What is the biological name of sweet pea?

Lathyrus odoratusSweet pea / Scientific name

sweet pea, (Lathyrus odoratus), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely cultivated for its beautiful, fragrant flowers.

Why Mendel choose Pisum sativum for his experimentation?

Mendel studied inheritance in peas (Pisum sativum). He chose peas because they had been used for similar studies, are easy to grow and can be sown each year. Pea flowers contain both male and female parts, called stamen and stigma, and usually self-pollinate.

What were the 7 characteristics of pea plants being studied by Mendel?

On the next screen, he reveals that there are seven different traits:

  • Pea shape (round or wrinkled)
  • Pea color (green or yellow)
  • Pod shape (constricted or inflated)
  • Pod color (green or yellow)
  • Flower color (purple or white)
  • Plant size (tall or dwarf)
  • Position of flowers (axial or terminal)

Why is Pisum sativum good for genetic research?

What is the scientific name of pea?

What is the classification of Pisum sativum?

The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow….

Pea plant: Pisum sativum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes

What is the scientific name of pea and human?

Scientific name of human being is “Homo Sapien”. And scientific name for pea plant is “Pisum sativum”

What is the common name of Pisum sativum?

Integrated Taxonomic Information System – Report

Family Fabaceae – peas, legumes
Genus Pisum L. – pea
Species Pisum sativum L. – garden pea
Direct Children:
Variety Pisum sativum var. arvense (L.) Poir. – field pea, Austrian winter pea

Why Mendel choose pea plant for his experiment?

Why did Mendel choose pea plant for his experiments? Solution: Pea plants were chosen for Mendel’s experiments because they are easy to grow, have a short life period, and produce larger flowers. Pea plants are also self-pollinated.

Why are pea plants Pisum sativum a good species for genetics studies?

To study genetics, Mendel chose to work with pea plants because they have easily identifiable traits (Figure below). For example, pea plants are either tall or short, which is an easy trait to observe. Furthermore, pea plants grow quickly, so he could complete many experiments in a short period of time.

Which of the following trait is dominant in Pisum sativum?

Yellow seed colour is the dominant trait and green seed colour is the recessive trait.

Why did Mendel choose Pisum sativum?

Why Pisum sativum is considered as a good experimental material for plant breeding studies?

Ø The plant is predominantly self-pollinating, thus self-pollination process becomes easy. Ø The floral characters of Pisum sativum are ideal for artificial pollination, thus the emasculation and hybridization procedures become stress-free. Ø Plant can be true breeding due to self-pollination.