What is meritocracy in the education system?


What is meritocracy in the education system?

A meritocratic education system, by nature, is one where students are enabled to accomplish achievements, and receive corresponding rewards, regardless of outside factors.

What is a meritocracy and why is the educational system an important component of a meritocratic society?

2. Educational system is an essential component of a meritocratic society because merit is the only track for low-status students to reach upward mobility. Belief in School Meritocracy is a specifically helpful system-justifying tool to help them perceive their place in society as being deserved.

What is the best example of meritocracy?

In many technology companies that employ a meritocracy — Red Hat being one example — people forge their own path to leadership, not simply by working hard and smart, but also by expressing unique ideas that have the ability to positively impact their team and their company.

What is the concept of meritocracy?

: a system, organization, or society in which people are chosen and moved into positions of success, power, and influence on the basis of their demonstrated abilities and merit (see merit entry 1 sense 1b) Only the elite, in that new meritocracy, would enjoy the opportunity for self-fulfillment …—

How does the education system promote meritocracy?

Those who achieve the high- est educational attainment are rewarded with status and higher incomes in adult life. This is described as a ‘functionalist meritocracy’ where positions of status in the labour market, and attendant wealth, are rewarded on the basis of merit.

How does education contribute towards meritocracy?

Functionalists Davis and Moore state that we live in a meritocratic society as the education system acts as a mechanism to ensure individuals do the right jobs (see role allocation). Therefore, individuals that work hard will be rewarded in society, whilst those who do not will not be rewarded.

Who viewed education as being part of a meritocracy?

Parson views education as being part of a meritocracy. Education is a secondary agent of socialisation – bridge between family and society. Parsons believes that education instils values of competition, equality and individualism.

What are benefits of meritocracy?

It prioritizes performance and uses it as a scale for promotions, bonuses, and other rewards. It tends to make employers learn from more skilled coworkers, thereby leading to self-development. It promotes equal grounds for people from different races, classes, and socio-economic backgrounds.

How is the education system not meritocratic?

Feminists believe that gender differences mean that the education system cannot be meritocratic because for good or for bad there are gender differences in attainment and because of such obvious differences they see that their can’t be fairness.

Can a meritocratic education system deliver equality?

Education reproduces inequality by justifying privi- lege and attributing poverty to personal failure. More equitable schooling is un- likely to have an effect on more equitable distribution of income, most likely because structural factors are not considered.

Is meritocracy an ideology?

In a psychological sense, Meritocracy beliefs constitute a worldview, or ideology, that broadly embraces the idea that equal opportunities exist, allowing upward social mobility (Feldman, 1983; Hochschild, 1996) in a way that individuals can change their economic and social circumstances (Taylor and Moghaddam, 1994).

Who came up with meritocracy?

sociologist Michael Dunlop Young
Although the concept of meritocracy has existed for centuries, the term itself was coined in 1958 by the sociologist Michael Dunlop Young in his dystopian political and satirical book The Rise of the Meritocracy.

Who created meritocracy?

What is the possible consequences of meritocracy?

One implication is that Meritocracy beliefs can operate as social equalizer, allowing people to achieve higher status, or a social justifier meaning (e.g., Levy et al., 2006), acting as a SLB by offering a socially acceptable explanation that stabilizes existing status differences.

How did meritocracy come about?

The concept originates, at least by the sixth century BC, when it was advocated by the Chinese philosopher Confucius, who “invented the notion that those who govern should do so because of merit, not of inherited status.