What is infiltration and phlebitis?


What is infiltration and phlebitis?

Thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of the vein in conjunction with formation of a blood clot (thrombus). Infiltration and extravasation are both common complications that results in fluids and/or medications inadvertently being infused into the surrounding tissues of a vessel in which a vascular access device is located.

What is phlebitis and extravasation?

Phlebitis: inflammation of the actual vessel instead of a problem with the IV being inserted in the right place. 3. Hematoma: leaking of blood outside of the vessel into that soft tissue space. 4. Extravasation: leaking of a caustic substance outside of the vessel into the soft tissue space.

What is infiltration in venipuncture?

Infiltration is the accidental leakage of non-vesicant solutions out of the vein into the surrounding tissue. This can occur with many antibiotics, dextrose solutions, or even normal saline.

What are the signs of phlebitis and infiltration?

Symptoms of phlebitis affect the arm or leg where the inflamed vein is located. They often include swelling and pain in the affected area….Symptoms of phlebitis

  • redness.
  • swelling.
  • warmth.
  • tenderness.
  • visible red “streaking“ on the skin along the vein.
  • a rope- or cord-like structure that you can feel through the skin.

What is phlebitis in IV therapy?

Phlebitis is inflammation of a vein. It is usually associated with acidic or alkaline solutions or solutions that have a high osmolarity. Phlebitis can also occur as a result of vein trauma during insertion, use of an inappropriate I.V. catheter size for the vein, or prolonged use of the same I.V.

What is an infiltrated vein?

An infiltrated IV (intravenous) catheter happens when the catheter goes through or comes out of your vein. The IV fluid then leaks into the surrounding tissue. This may cause pain, swelling, and skin that is cool to the touch.

What happens when you infiltrate a vein?

What causes infiltration?

Infiltration. Infiltration occurs when I.V. fluid or medications leak into the surrounding tissue. Infiltration can be caused by improper placement or dislodgment of the catheter.

What happens if IV infiltrates?

If the catheter becomes dislodged or moves out of the vein, the fluid that was being infused through it could now leak into surrounding tissue. When that occurs, it is called an IV infiltration. An IV line can cause an infiltration without a nurse or doctor being negligent.

What causes vein infiltration?

IV infiltration occurs when the liquid that is supposed to be delivered to the vein through the IV leaks into the surrounding tissue instead. It can be caused by an IV that has pierced a vein, a catheter that is the wrong size, or a dislodged or improperly placed IV.

What are the classifications of phlebitis?

Phlebitis manifests in four grades: Grade 1 – erythema around the puncture site, with or without local pain; Grade 2 – pain at the puncture site with erythema and/or edema and hardening; Grade 3: pain at the puncture site with erythema, hardening and a palpable venous cord; Grade 4: pain at the puncture site with …