What is field weakening in PMSM?


What is field weakening in PMSM?

Field-weakening control involves reducing the resulting d-axis flux,λd, by lowering the effect of the resulting air-gap flux linkage associated with the permanent magnets,λpm. This is done by driving the component of the magnetizing d-axis stator current negative in the PMSM as shown in Figure 1 below. Fig.

What are the disadvantages of brushless DC motor?

Disadvantages of brushless DC Motor:

  • The cost of a brushless DC motor is comparatively higher as compared to a brushed DC motor.
  • When the Brushless DC motor is operated at low-speed slight vibrations occur during low-speed rotation.

What is field weakening in DC motor?

Field weakening alters a servo motor’s torque-speed curve, allowing the motor to reach higher speeds for a given bus voltage. Field weakening enables higher motor speeds by reducing the back EMF generated by the motor.

Why field weakening is generally not done in case of BLDC?

For BLDC motors, the fundamental principle is simple; the flux weakening is accomplished by the help of high inductance. However, in BLDC motors, winding inductance is generally low due to large air gaps and the permeability of PM materials.

What are the pros and cons of brushless motors?

Brushed and Brushless Motors: Advantages and Disadvantages

Brushed motor Brushless motor
Efficiency Medium High
Electrical Noise Noisy (bush arcing) Quiet
Acoustic Noise & Torque Ripple Poor Medium (trapezoidal) or good (sine)
Cost Lowest Medium (added electronics)

Does a permanent magnet motor have brushes?

A permanent magnet brush DC motor contains permanent magnets in the stator, eliminating the need for an external field current. This design is smaller, lighter, and more energy-efficient than other brush DC motor types; it is used extensively in low-power applications up to about 2 HP.

What is Direct Torque Control for PMSM?

Abstract: Direct torque control (DTC) is a method to control motor with utilizing torque and flux. But the torque and current ripples are occurred in the conventional DTC. Reason of undesired torque and current ripples is low number of voltage vectors applied to the motor controlled by the conventional DTC technique.

Do brushless motors use less power?

Because there are no brushes rubbing against anything, no energy is lost due to friction. That means brushless motors are more energy-efficient than brushed drills and can run on batteries for up to 50 percent longer.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of brushless motors?

They are also compact in size and provides high torque with better speed control and efficiency. On the other hand, it also has a few disadvantages like higher cost, resonance issue, and complex wiring setup due to the involvement of electronic control.

How do you prevent back emf?

One approach to prevent this issue is to use the motor driver’s braking mode. This mode disables the H- bridge’s high-side MOSFETs while enabling the low- side MOSFETs. This prevents the back EMF voltage spike from flowing back into the analog power rail, while allowing the back EMF to safely dissipate.