What does it mean when a column is fluted?


What does it mean when a column is fluted?

Fluting, also known as reeding, is a series of regular, concave grooves or convex ridges running vertically or spirally along a surface. Typically, the term ‘fluting’ refers to the grooves found on a column shaft or pilaster.

How did Greeks make fluted columns?

CLASSICAL Greek temple columns were fluted because they were derived from timber construction. The columns are a stone form of a tree trunk debarked with an adze.

Are all Greek columns fluted?

Most Greek and Roman columns (but not all) were fluted. That means they had narrow channels or grooves running up and down them.

What is fluting in wood?

Fluting is usually a series of shallow grooves that run across a surface, creating a pleasing play of light. Typically, this effect might have been used to make columns seem perfectly round, thinner and more elegant.

Where did fluted columns come from?

Most people wrongly attribute the creation and popularization of fluted columns to the Greeks and Romans; however, the earliest known use of fluted columns was at Djoser’s necropolis in Saqqara, Egypt, which was built in the 27th century BC.

How were fluted columns made?

When woodworkers shaved the bark from the trunks of trees to create wooden columns, vertical gouges were left behind. Despite eventually transitioning from using wood to stone in their columns, the Greeks continued the practice of carving gouges into the shaft. The Romans also used fluted columns.

Which columns are fluted?

What Are Fluted Columns? A fluted column is one that has shallow grooves carved into the surface of the shaft. These grooves are referred to as flutes. Doric order columns typically have 20 flutes, while Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite columns have 24.

Can columns be curved?

Y type Column with Arch: As it is same as Y-type Column but it has curved edges or sides. These are generally provided below the bridges and flyovers where there is a congestion of building more columns to withstand heavy loads on top.

What is special about the Corinthian column?

Corinthian columns are the most ornate, slender and sleek of the three Greek orders. They are distinguished by a decorative, bell-shaped capital with volutes, two rows of acanthus leaves and an elaborate cornice. In many instances, the column is fluted.

How does a flute work?

A flute produces sound when a stream of air directed across a hole in the instrument creates a vibration of air at the hole. The airstream creates a Bernoulli or siphon. This excites the air contained in the usually cylindrical resonant cavity within the flute.

What is fluting wood?

What is fluting in carpentry?

Fluting in architecture consists of shallow grooves running along a surface.