What does EPS mean in a medical term?


What does EPS mean in a medical term?

Introduction. Extrapyramidal side effects (EPS), commonly referred to as drug-induced movement disorders are among the most common adverse drug effects patients experience from dopamine-receptor blocking agents.

What are extrapyramidal symptoms EPS )?

Extrapyramidal side effects are a group of symptoms that can occur in people taking antipsychotic medications. 1 Symptoms of extrapyramidal effects include an inability to sit still, involuntary muscle contraction, tremors, stiff muscles, and involuntary facial movements.

What medications cause extrapyramidal symptoms?

First-generation antipsychotics commonly caused extrapyramidal symptoms. With second-generation antipsychotics, side effects tend to occur at lower rates….What causes extrapyramidal symptoms?

  • chlorpromazine.
  • haloperidol.
  • levomepromazine.
  • thioridazine.
  • trifluoperazine.
  • perphenazine.
  • flupentixol.
  • fluphenazine.

Which abbreviation refers to a procedure that reroutes blood around an occluded coronary artery group of answer choices?

This surgery is often called open-heart surgery, bypass surgery or CABG (the acronym is pronounced the same as “cabbage”). CABG involves taking a blood vessel from elsewhere in the body (usually your chest, arm or leg) and using it to construct a detour for blood to use.

What is the nursing intervention for EPS?

Nursing Actions: Assess and monitor for EPS – AIMS (Assessment of Involuntary Movement Scale). Monitor for EKG changes. Administer anticholinergic for treatment of EPS prn. Encourage sugarless candy for dry mouth.

What is the difference between tardive dyskinesia and EPS?

Neuroleptic-induced EPS are thought to be caused by blockade of nigrostriatal dopamine tracts resulting in a relative increase in cholinergic activity; tardive dyskinesia is less well understood but is thought to be a supersensitivity response to chronic dopamine blockade.

How do you treat EPS?

Management strategies include giving diphenhydramine for acute dystonia; stopping or reducing the dose of antipsychotic; switching to a second generation; using a lower risk second generation antipsychotic such as quetiapine.

What do you do when a patient is experiencing EPS?

What medication is used to treat EPS?

Pharmacological treatments most commonly consist of anticholinergic and antihistaminergic medications. Benzodiazepines, beta-adrenergic antagonists (propranolol), beta-adrenergic agonists (clonidine), or dopamine agonists (amantadine) may also be used.

How long do EPS symptoms last?

In most cases, symptoms are reversible in days or weeks, but occasionally, especially in the elderly, or if long-acting injectable antipsychotics are used, symptoms may last for months. In about 15% of cases, parkinsonism may persist, raising the possibility of underlying Parkinson’s disease.

How much is too much sleep for elderly?

For people over the age of 65, getting more than nine hours of sleep on a regular basis may be an early sign of the onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, a new study suggests.