What does a positive straight leg raise test indicate?
If you have pain down the back of your leg below the knee when your affected leg is raised, the test is positive (abnormal). It means that one or more of the nerve roots leading to your sciatic nerve may be compressed or irritated.
How reliable is the straight leg raise test?
The SLR procedure was found to be highly reliable, with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.95. These results indicate that SLR reliability is not an artefact of memory for the movement involved in the test.
What is SLR in physical therapy?
1. The straight leg raise is one of the first exercises done after hip or knee replacement surgery. It is easy to perform and gently stresses the hip joint as the ROM is gradually increased. It can be taught by the physical therapist, after which you can continue to do it on your own at home.
What is PID in Ortho?
Introduction. Slipped Disc of spine is also known as Prolapsed intervertebral disc (PID). Slipped Disc is the displacement of nucleus pulposus from the center of the disc which might cause body limbs become numb/weak. Slipped Disc at the spine is one of the common diagnosis among back pain patients.
What is a positive 90 90 hamstring test?
The 90/90 hamstrings test is considered positive when the patient is not able to extend his knees above 20 degrees. This applies in both the procedures. You should ensure that the end feel which patient is experiencing is muscle stretch. Here end feel is the quality of resistance at end range of motion.
What is disc slip?
A slipped disc is when a soft cushion of tissue between the bones in your spine pushes out. It’s painful if it presses on nerves. It usually gets better slowly with rest, gentle exercise and painkillers.
What is L4-L5 PID?
The L4 and L5 are the two lowest vertebrae of the lumbar spine. Together with the intervertebral disc, joints, nerves, and soft tissues, the L4-L5 spinal motion segment provides a variety of functions, including supporting the upper body and allowing trunk motion in multiple directions. 1. Lumbar Spine Anatomy Video.
What is normal hamstring flexibility?
(which is known as the fascia, and also the connective tissue that lines the sciatic nerve). However for simplicity, this is often referred to as a hamstring flexibility test. We would generally consider a normal SLR range to be from 75 to 95 degrees, although there is a lot of normal variability in this.