What are the types of femur fractures?


What are the types of femur fractures?

The most common types of femoral shaft fractures include:

  • Transverse fracture. In this type of fracture, the break is a straight horizontal line going across the femoral shaft.
  • Oblique fracture. This type of fracture has an angled line across the shaft.
  • Spiral fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture.
  • Open fracture.

What is intercondylar fracture of femur?

Intercondylar fracture of the femur is an inherently dif- ficult injury to manage due to the thin cortices, frequently associated comminution and articular surface disruption. In the past two decades, numerous reports have shown that in- ternal fixation is a better option to non-operative treatment [1].

What is a right distal femur fracture?

What is a Distal Femur Fracture? A distal femur fracture is a break of the thigh bone just above the knee. It can result in cracks that extend into the knee joint itself. They can also happen around total joint replacements.

What is a comminuted distal femur fracture?

Distal femur fractures vary. The bone can break straight across (transverse fracture) or into many pieces (comminuted fracture). Sometimes these fractures extend into the knee joint and separate the surface of the bone into a few (or many) parts. These types of fractures are called intra-articular.

What part of the femur is most commonly fractured?

the femoral neck (just below the femoral head) – called an intracapsular fracture (most common) immediately below the femoral neck – called an intertrochanteric fracture. the upper femoral shaft below the femoral neck – called a subtrochanteric fracture (least common)

What is Hoffa’s fracture?

Hoffa’s fracture is a coronal-oriented fracture of the distal femur with the fracture line extending through the medial condyle, lateral condyle, or bicondylar region [1-3]. This fracture presents commonly as an isolated fracture and, in rare instances, it is associated with other injuries around the knee joint.

What is a supracondylar?

The humerus (HU mer us) bone is the long, thick bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow. Your child’s humerus is fractured (broken) near the elbow area, just above the joint. This is called a supracondylar (supra CON dy ler) humerus fracture.

What is a Hoffa fracture?

What is a Supracondylar?

What type of bones are the femur tibia and fibula?

The long bones are femur, tibia, and fibula and the sesamoid bones are the kneecaps, i.e., patella, short bones are the phalanges, tarsals, and metatarsals.

Where is the supracondylar femur?

Supracondylar femoral fracture (also called a distal fracture) is when the thigh bone, or femur, is broken at the knee. The knees are the largest weight weight-bearing joint in your body. The distal femur Forms the top part of the knee joint. The lower part of the knee joint is the shin bone, or tibia.

Why is it called a Hoffa fracture?

This fracture pattern was initially described by Hoffa in 1904 1 hence the name for this fracture. The Hoffa fracture is an intra-articular fracture of the knee analogous to the capitellum fracture of the elbow 2.

What is the difference between intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures?

Typically, isolated greater trochanteric fractures can be treated non-operatively. However fractures occurring between the greater and lesser trochanters, called Intertrochanteric Fractures do require surgery, as do fractures occurring below the trochanters known as Subtrochanteric Fractures.