17/09/2022

## What are the 3 factors in the Fama-French model?

The Fama and French model has three factors: the size of firms, book-to-market values, and excess return on the market. In other words, the three factors used are SMB (small minus big), HML (high minus low), and the portfolio’s return less the risk-free rate of return.

### Is the Fama-French three-factor model better than the CAPM?

Empirical results point out that Fama and French Three Factor Model is better than CAPM according to the goal of explaining the expected returns of the portfolios. However, the paper shows that the results vary depending on how the portfolios are formed.

#### What does the Fama-French model tell us?

The Fama-French Three Factor model calculates an investment’s likely rate of return based on three elements: overall market risk, the degree to which small companies outperform large companies and the degree to which high-value companies outperform low-value companies.

What is SMB and HML?

Key Takeaways. Small minus big (SMB) is a factor in the Fama/French stock pricing model that says smaller companies outperform larger ones over the long-term. High minus low (HML) is another factor in the model that says value stocks tend to outperform growth stocks.

Why use Fama French better than CAPM?

It means that Fama French model is better predicting variation in excess return over Rf than CAPM for all the five companies of the Cement industry over the period of ten years. Low p values indicate that the coefficients are statistically significant.

## How are Fama French factors constructed?

The Fama/French 5 factors (2×3) are constructed using the 6 value-weight portfolios formed on size and book-to-market, the 6 value-weight portfolios formed on size and operating profitability, and the 6 value-weight portfolios formed on size and investment.

### What is the difference between CAPM and Fama-French model?

Unlike CAPM which is a single factor model based on relationship between returns and market factor, the Fama-French model is based on stock return having its basis in not one but three separate risk factors: market, size and value or book to market based factor.

#### What is RMW factor?

RMW (Robust Minus Weak) is the average return on the two robust operating profitability portfolios minus the average return on the two weak operating profitability portfolios, RMW = 1/2 (Small Robust + Big Robust) – 1/2 (Small Weak + Big Weak).

How do you read SMB and HML?

Key Takeaways

1. Small minus big (SMB) is a factor in the Fama/French stock pricing model that says smaller companies outperform larger ones over the long-term.
2. High minus low (HML) is another factor in the model that says value stocks tend to outperform growth stocks.

Is beta a useful measure under the Fama and French model?

In addition to the market index (so, yes, beta is important in this model as well), the model also incorporates a small minus big factor (i.e. small stocks may be more sensitive to changes in business conditions than large stocks) and a high minus low factor (i.e. high book to market value stocks are more likely to be …

## How do you read the Fama French three factor model?

The Fama-French Three-Factor Model Formula

1. r = Expected rate of return.
2. rf = Risk-free rate.
3. ß = Factor’s coefficient (sensitivity)
4. (rm – rf) = Market risk premium.
5. SMB (Small Minus Big) = Historic excess returns of small-cap companies over large-cap companies.

### Why is Fama French better than CAPM?

#### How is SMB constructed?

To construct the SMB and HML factors, we sort stocks in a region into two market cap and three book-to-market equity (B/M) groups at the end of each June. Big stocks are those in the top 90% of June market cap for the region, and small stocks are those in the bottom 10%.

Is Fama French an apt model?

The Fama-French Three-Factor-Model (TFM) is based on the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) and is one of the most famous models.

What does HML mean in Fama-French?

High Minus Low
Key Takeaways. High Minus Low (HML), also referred to as the value premium, is one of three factors used in the Fama-French three-factor model. The Fama-French three-factor model is a system for evaluating stock returns that. the economists Eugene Fama and Kenneth French developed.