How do you form the genitive plural in Russian?
The rules for changing plural nouns into the genitive form are as follows: Masculine nouns ending in a consonant, add -oв. (Except for nouns like брат and лист, for these, add -ьев.) Masculine nouns ending in -й, add -ев, For one-syllable nouns (like край and чай), add -ёв.
What is the genitive case used for in Russian?
The genitive case in Russian identifies the object of prepositions such as “of” and “from” and shows possession by the subject. It answers the questions кого (kaVOH)—”whom” or “of whom”—, and чего (chyVOH)—”what,” or “of what.”
What is a genitive modifier?
A genitive construction involves two nouns, the head (or modified noun) and the dependent (or modifier noun). In dependent-marking languages, a dependent genitive noun modifies the head by expressing some property of it.
How do you pluralize in Russian?
In Russian, in the nominative case, you make a plural by using the letters “и”, “ы”, “я” or “а”. For masculine nouns: If the word ends in a consonant, add “ы”. Replace “а” with “ы” (unless previous consonant is Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ then replace with “и” as per the spelling rules.)
What is the 7 letter spelling rule Russian?
The 7-letter spelling ruleEdit When you remove the default ending from a word, you are left with the stem. If the stem ends in one of those seven letters, then you generally have to add an alternate ending. For example, книга, ‘book’, has the stem книг-, so it obeys the 7-letter rule.
How do plurals in Russian work?
To make the plural form of a noun, you need to add one of the following endings: –ы, –и, –я, or –а. If a word ends in a consonant, add –ы. If you see –ь at the end of a noun, replace it with –и. If a word ends in –й, use –и to make the plural form.
Which are the hard consonants in Russian?
There are three Russian consonants that are always hard (that is they have no soft counterpart) and are never soft. They are: ж, ш, and ц.
How do you change plural in Russian?
What is the 7 letter rule in Russian?
There is a spelling rule called the ‘7-letter spelling rule’, so called because it comes into effect after seven letters: к, г, х, ш, щ, ж, and ч. When you remove the default ending from a word, you are left with the stem.
Is ш hard or soft?