How do prairie dogs get sylvatic plague?


How do prairie dogs get sylvatic plague?

The flea that feeds on prairie dogs and other mammals serves as the vector for transmission of sylvatic plague to the new host, primarily through flea bites, or contact with contaminated fluids or tissue, through predation or scavenging.

Do prairie dogs carry bubonic plague?

Bubonic is the form that is spread to humans by infected fleas from small mammals. It is also the form that prairie dogs carry.

How do you know if your prairie dog has plague?


  1. Fever.
  2. Dehydration.
  3. Lack of energy.
  4. Loss of appetite (anorexia)
  5. Difficulty breathing.
  6. Enlarged spleen.
  7. Swollen lymph nodes.

Is there a cure for sylvatic plague?

Currently, there is no plague vaccine for pets.

Can humans get sylvatic plague?

Sylvatic plague is a flea-borne bacterial disease of wild rodents. Humans, pets, and wildlife can be afflicted with this disease.

Where does the sylvatic plague come from?

Sylvatic plague, caused by Yersinia pestis, is a bacterial disease transmitted by fleas that afflicts many mammalian species, including humans. Plague is widespread throughout the western U.S. and frequently occurs in wild rodents.

What animal spread the bubonic plague?

Overview. Plague is a serious bacterial infection that’s transmitted primarily by fleas. The organism that causes plague, Yersinia pestis, lives in small rodents found most commonly in rural and semirural areas of Africa, Asia and the United States.

Where did the sylvatic plague originate?

The bacterium, Y. pestis, was first recorded in the United States in 1899 on ships in port in California, Washington, Delaware and New York (Dicke 1926, Link 1955), during the early stages of last worldwide pandemic that originated in China.

What percentage of prairie dogs carry the plague?

Taking the Bait: Majority of Prairie Dogs Are Consuming Plague Vaccine. About 70 percent of wild prairie dogs successfully ingested baits containing an oral sylvatic plague vaccine, or SPV, that were distributed throughout…

What happens if you get bit by a prairie dog?

Bite wounds: risk if bitten by prairie dog; can lead to serious infections if not treated. Bite wounds may be infected with a number of harmful bacteria. Bite wounds should be examined/treated by a medical professional immediately.

What virus do prairie dogs carry?

Sylvatic plague is a flea-borne bacterial disease of wild rodents. Humans, pets, and wildlife can be afflicted with this disease. Prairie dogs are highly susceptible to plague and are the primary food source of the highly endangered black-footed ferret, which is also susceptible to the disease.

Do prairie dogs spread disease?

Prairie dogs can be carriers of sylvatic plague, a potentially fatal disease spread to wild rodents by infected parasites. It’s possible for people catch this illness through contact with either prairie dogs or their fleas. Symptoms include: Swollen lymph nodes.

What does sylvatic plague do?

Sylvatic plague can decimate prairie dog colonies (90% or greater mortality rates), resulting in local extinctions and population reductions. USGS scientists are working with partners to conduct field trials of an oral sylvatic plague vaccine for prairie dogs.

What happens to ferret and prairie dog abundance when sylvatic plague is introduced?

As expected, the total area of each colony complex was reduced by the invasion of plague, which caused a 2/3 decline in prairie dog populations and an estimated 75% decline in the black-footed ferret population [46].

Do groundhogs carry bubonic plague?

Tufts Now: What is the plague, and who is at risk? Felicia Nutter: The plague is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. The plague persists in nature by infecting wild rodents—including mice, rats, squirrels, chipmunks, groundhogs, and prairie dogs—and their fleas.

Can prairie dogs carry rabies?

Rodents such as mice, rats, gophers, moles, chipmunks, prairie dogs, and rabbits do not carry rabies.

Do chipmunks carry bubonic plague?

The bubonic plague (Yersinia pestis) is a bacterial infection that spreads through wild rodents like squirrels, rats, and chipmunks via infected fleas.

What animal carries plague?