What is the working principle of Raman spectroscopy?


What is the working principle of Raman spectroscopy?

The Raman Spectroscopy Principle When light interacts with molecules in a gas, liquid, or solid, the vast majority of the photons are dispersed or scattered at the same energy as the incident photons. This is described as elastic scattering, or Rayleigh scattering.

How Raman effect is used in Raman spectroscopy?

RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY. The Raman effect involves scattering of light by molecules of gases, liquids, or solids. The Raman effect consists of the appearance of extra spectral lines near the wavelength of the incident light. The Raman lines in the scattered light are weaker than the light at the original wavelength.

What is meant by stimulated Raman scattering?

Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) is an important nonlinear process that can turn optical fibers into broadband Raman amplifiers and tunable Raman lasers. It can also severely limit the performance of multichannel lightwave systems by transferring energy from one channel to the neighboring channels.

What are the practical applications of Raman spectroscopy?

Raman spectroscopy is used in many varied fields – in fact, it can be used in any application where non-destructive, microscopic, chemical analysis and imaging is required. Whether the goal is qualitative or quantitative data, Raman analysis can provide key information easily and quickly.

What does Raman spectroscopy used to identify substances?

Raman Spectroscopy is a non-destructive chemical analysis technique which provides detailed information about chemical structure, phase and polymorphy, crystallinity and molecular interactions. It is based upon the interaction of light with the chemical bonds within a material.

Which radiation is used in Raman spectroscopy?

Raman spectroscopy relies upon inelastic scattering of photons, known as Raman scattering. A source of monochromatic light, usually from a laser in the visible, near infrared, or near ultraviolet range is used, although X-rays can also be used.

What is the importance of Raman effect?

Raman effect helps in explaining various natural phenomenon on. like appearance of blue sky, advanced sunrise and delayed sunset, etc. It also explains the appearance of red sky during sunrise and sunset.

Why is the sea blue in Colour According to Raman?

He immediately began to conduct experiments on board the ship using some simple instruments he had with him. At that time, scientists believed the sea was blue because it reflected the colour of the sky, but Raman found that it was the water itself that caused blue light to scatter more than other colours in light.

How the Raman spectroscopy is a useful tool for the characterization of materials?

Raman spectroscopy is a powerful tool for such verification within a wide range of scientific disciplines. This rapid technique allows quick identification of materials, gives information on the structure, spatial arrangement of molecules and structural analyses.

Is hydrogen molecule Raman active Why?

For this reason, homonuclear and thus nonpolar molecules such as H2 or N2 are Raman-active. Their rotational and vibrational spectra can be measured using the Raman effect, although they are not accessible to microwave or infra-red spectroscopies because the transitions are forbidden by symmetry.

What are the advantages of stimulated Raman scattering?

However, the advantages of stimulated Raman scattering, being high signal strength and coherent radiation, can be fully exploited by a very simple modification of the type of excitation.

How many colours are there in Raman effect?

Through various experiments Raman concluded that any liquid contains minute particles and because of them blue colour is scattered. The seven visible colours of the spectrum are commonly known as “Vibgyor” and are set from smaller to larger wave lengths.

What are the two methods of excitation of the samples in Raman spectroscopy?

(ii) During our experiment, we used mostly two different excitation sources: Diode laser with wavelength at 782 nm and Argon-Ion laser with excitation wavelength at 514.5 nm.

Why H2 molecule is microwave and IR inactive but is Raman active?

Answer. Answer: Homonuclear diatomic molecules such as H2, N2, and O2 have no dipole moment and are IR inactive (but Raman active) while heteronuclear diatomic molecules such as HCl, NO, and CO do have dipole moments and have IR active vibrations.

What is the vibrational frequency of H2?

As is shown in Tables II and III, the calculated vibrational frequency for H2 at the stable TGa site is 3444 cm 1 for the 100 molecular orientation and 3541 cm 1 for the 111 orientation, respectively, in the LDA.

How does surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy work?

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy or surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a surface-sensitive technique that enhances Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on rough metal surfaces or by nanostructures such as plasmonic-magnetic silica nanotubes.

Why sea is blue in Raman?