What is the incus buttress?
The incus buttress holds the ligament to the short process of the incus. If the incus has been removed, the incus buttress no longer serves an anatomic function.
What is posterior buttress?
Posterior buttress (incus buttress): Definition: The bony bridge surgically created between the facial recess and the fossa incudis, which extends from the posterior wall of the external auditory canal to the horizontal semicircular canal.
What is Sinodural angle?
Sinodural angle is the angle between sigmoid sinus and middle fossa dura plate.It is the landmark for superior petrosal sinus.
What is the incus made from?
The endochondral component of the malleus and all of the incus develop from pharyngeal arch cartilage, of neural crest origin. Most of the stapes also develops from pharyngeal arch cartilage, but the outer edge of its footplate has a mesodermal origin, at least in mice (Thompson et al.
What is canal wall down Tympanomastoidectomy?
Canal wall down tympanomastoidectomy–the ‘on-disease’ approach–is an innovative, three-dimensional technique based on universally accepted surgical principles. We modified the technique to ensure complete exposure and thereby eradication of the disease, with a resultant small cavity.
What is Trautman triangle?
This triangular-shaped area is referred to as Trautmann’s triangle (TT) (Moritz Trautmann, 1833–1902) and is bordered by the superior jugular bulb at the inferior vertex, the sino-dural angle along the superiorly directed base (Gonzalez et al., 2004), and anteriorly by the posterior semicircular canal (Fig.
What happens if the incus is removed from the ear?
With the removal of the incus, the umbo vibration acceleration frequency response in the direction perpendicular to the tympanic membrane increases by 5 dB below 2 kHz. Above 2 kHz the response diverges due to the change of ossicular chain resonant frequency caused by the removal of the incus.
What type of bone is incus?
The incus or anvil is a bone in the middle ear. The anvil-shaped small bone is one of three ossicles in the middle ear….
|Precursor||1st branchial arch|
|Part of||Middle ear|
|Articulations||Incudomalleolar and incudostapedial joint|
What is the function of the incus?
The incus, also known as the “anvil,” is the middle of three small bones in the middle ear. The incus transmits vibrations from the malleus to the stapes. The vibrations then move to the inner ear. Conditions that affect the incus often affect the other ossicle bones.
Which is better canal wall up or canal wall down?
Conclusion: The canal wall-down technique is superior to the canal wall-up technique, especially for patients with cholesteatoma. Otitis media is defined as an inflammatory disease of the middle ear that may be infectious or not and focal or generalized.
What is a palva flap?
Palva2-4 has described a number of local soft-tissue flaps to help reduce cavity size. The most popular “Palva” flap is a periosteal flap based on the concha of the ear, which is then folded into the mastoid cavity. 2-5 This flap can also be based posteriorly on the mastoid cortex and temporal artery.