What is Nematology in biology?


What is Nematology in biology?

Nematology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of nematodes, or roundworms. Although nematological investigation dates back to the days of Aristotle or even earlier, nematology as an independent discipline has its recognizable beginnings in the mid to late 19th century.

What is the common name for nematodes?

nematode, also called roundworm, any worm of the phylum Nematoda.

What is nematology in agriculture?

Essentially, nematology is the scientific study of nematodes (roundworms), the phylum Nematoda. These are small worms that range between 1mm and 40 cm depending on type and habitat.

Who is the father of nematology?

Nathan Augustus Cobb
Nathan Augustus Cobb, referred to as the “Father of Nematology in the United States” (56), was a Renaissance man and a man of humble beginnings.

What are the types of nematodes?

Ascaris lumbricoid…Toxocara catiHuman pinwormHuman whipwormRoot‑knot nematodeToxocara canis
Roundworms/Lower classifications

Which is the largest nematode in human body?

Ascaris lumbricoides
Ascaris lumbricoides is the largest and most common intestinal nematode of humans. Females are approximately 30 cm long; sexually mature males are smaller. The diameter varies from 2 to 6 mm.

What is the importance of Plant Nematology?

It has become important to find new strategies for controlling pests in a safe and more effective manner. While many species are plant parasites, the feeding habits of some species have been shown to be beneficial in agriculture. As such, they can be used as biological agents to control pest and weed.

Who first discovered nematodes?

Goeze (1782) made the first serious study of nematodes under a microscope and described the vinegar eelworm (1782).

What are Diplogastridae?

Diplogastridae, formerly Diplogasteridae, are a family of nematodes (roundworms) known from a wide range of habitats, often in commensal or parasitic associations with insects.

What is the phylum Nematoda?

phylum of animals with tubular digestive systems with openings at both ends. The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda [nɛmaˈtɔda] (also called Nemathelminthes). They are a diverse animal phylum inhabiting a broad range of environments.

What is the size of a nematode?

Nematodes are very small, slender worms: typically about 5 to 100 µm thick, and 0.1 to 2.5 mm long. The smallest nematodes are microscopic, while free-living species can reach as much as 5 cm (2 in), and some parasitic species are larger still, reaching over 1 m (3 ft) in length.

Is Nematoda the same as Cobbs?

History. In 1932, Potts elevated the class Nematoda to the level of phylum, leaving the name the same. Despite Potts’ classification being equivalent to Cobbs’, both names have been used (and are still used today) and Nematode became a popular term in zoological science.